Governance (corporate structures to take account of environmental concerns)
Under the responsibility of Olivier Bouygues, Deputy CEO, the Group Sustainable Development and Quality Safety Environment (QSE) Department within the parent company coordinates the overall policy and ensures that best practices are circulated and shared, especially with subsidiaries’ own sustainable development departments.
The Sustainable Development Department coordinates a number of Group-wide committees (Sustainable Development, QSE, Purchasing and CSR, extra-financial reporting, Energy-Carbon Strategy, etc.). The role of the committees is to circulate the principles of sustainable development and coordinate initiatives on specific cross-disciplinary issues. Bouygues’ QSE function, with approximately 1,000 employees, helps to manage operational risk.
Each business area uses ISO standards to consolidate and improve managerial performance in relation to quality (ISO 9001), safety (OHSAS 18001) and the environment (ISO 14001). Certification of quality, security and environmental management systems is an additional guarantee of effectiveness.
To ensure the proper monitoring and continuous improvement in these initiatives, the Group has designed and implemented a reporting system to track its results.
At Bouygues Construction, environmental issues are managed through “Actitudes”, the group’s sustainable development policy. The policy is coordinated by the Innovation and Sustainable Construction department, which oversees the actions of the Sustainable Development department, the Marketing and Planning department and the Research & Development and Innovation department, incorporating a sustainable construction skills centre.
For its operational implementation, the Sustainable Development department is assisted by a Sustainable Development committee, comprising representatives of operating entities and support services. It also coordinates a network of around 100 liaison officers at subsidiaries, about 30 of whom work specifically on environmental issues.
In 2013, the general management committee increased the involvement of sales teams by introducing modules on sustainable construction into existing courses at Campus Commerce and creating a network of “sustainable construction” sales staff.
Bouygues Construction’s aim is to build a sustainable living environment by delivering projects to its customers that protect the environment while ensuring comfort and well-being for users. This is apparent at every stage of the project.
In the design phase:
Bouygues Construction uses environmental certification schemes such as BREEAM®, LEED® and HQE®, which apply to over half its building order intake.
In the construction phase:
Bouygues Construction factors all the environmental issues related to its worksites into an overarching initiative called “Ecosite”, whose aim is to cut their environmental impact. Ecosite, a proprietary initiative launched in 2010, ensures compliance with environmental standards derived from the most stringent regulations on issues ranging from managing waste and protecting biodiversity to minimising disturbances for local residents;
This management of environmental impacts is also enhanced by a prevention policy based on an ISO 14001-certified environmental management system.
In the operation and maintenance phase:
Bouygues Construction increasingly supports its customers in managing and limiting their final energy consumption and offers business proposals that include performance commitments, particularly in the form of the Energy Performance Contracts (EPCs) for residential and commercial projects.
Committed to urban sustainability, Bouygues Immobilier has been actively pursuing a sustainable development policy since 2006:in the design phase, at the start of the development process, on worksites where contractors are building Bouygues Immobilier’s projects, in the internal processes
The Executive Vice-President, Communication, Marketing and Sustainable Development is a member of the Strategy Committee.
In order to combine environmental management of its operations with high standards of comfort and health in its development projects, Bouygues Immobilier is committed to environmental certification schemes in areas such as clean worksites, choice of materials, water and energy management and acoustic comfort, through the Habitat & Environment (H&E) and High Environmental Quality (HQE®) schemes. Accordingly, BBC-effinergie® low-energy certification has been sought for all Bouygues Immobilier’s new residential programmes since 2010.
Since “positive energy” will be the standard for all new residential properties from 2020, Bouygues Immobilier is preparing for future changes on the market by opening, in 2012, Vert Eden in Aix-en-Provence, southern France, its first positive-energy residential building. Then in 2013, it inaugurated l’Avance, in Montreuil, the first such building in the Paris region, carrying NF HQE™ Logement and BBC-effinergie® certifications.
On a neighbourhood level, Bouygues Immobilier is committing to environmental causes right from the design phase. In 2013, Ginko, the Bordeaux Lake eco-neighbourhood, and Cap Azur, in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (French Riviera), were recognised as “Committed to label recognition” by the national “ÉcoQuartier” labelling initiative.
Bouygues Immobilier has also launched UrbanEra®, to structure its approach as a neighbourhood-wide sustainable urban developer. Right from the design phase, this offering covers energy management, more efficient water use, waste recycling, building-wide performance, improved transport integration, biodiversity and health issues. It also encompasses innovative services while not neglecting the human aspect and encouraging involvement by users.
Part of the Innovation department, Bouygues Telecom’s sustainable development structure relies on a network of liaison officers in operational departments and across the company’s nine administrative sites. Several reference frameworks are used by management for the purposes of its CSR policy:
- a handbook on Bouygues Telecom’s duties under environmental regulations. This is updated once yearly;
- ISO 50001 on energy management, which provides guidance for managing on-site energy efficiency and sustainably optimising energy expenditure (37% of total m2 of administrative sites, excluding retail surfaces and data centres, had been certified by the end of 2013);
- the HQE® standard, which recognises the environmental credentials of buildings, along with monitoring and maintenance methods, and occupier habits once a site is in use (73% of total m2 of administrative sites – excluding retail surfaces – had been certified compliant with HQE® Operation by the end of 2013).
At Colas, environmental policy is integrated into its responsible development policy, identified by the Chairman and CEO as one of the company’s core values. The Environment director, who oversees Responsible development as a whole, guides discussions on the subject with support divisions
(such as Communications, Equipment & Innovation, Human Resources, Technical and R&D) and operational divisions. The Environment department has six staff members and a network of approximately 30 environment managers in subsidiaries, who themselves are supported on the ground by several hundred environmental officers and auditors. These positions are generally combined with other roles such as quality assurance and health and safety.
Following a steady increase since 2010, rates of environmental certification (ISO 14001 or equivalent) declined in 2013. This decline resulted from a change in the consolidation method, which attaches different weightings to certified and non-certified entities, and the reorganisation of the roads activity in mainland France, which may have led to temporary delays in renewing certificates and the defining of exact scopes.
Regarding the first indicator, the target is still 100%, with a renewed increase aimed for in 2014. This is an ambitious target given that other shareholders are involved, some of which are majority owners, preventing Colas from ensuring complete oversight.
Environmental certification indicators reflect Colas’ policy to comply with regulatory requirements and its efforts to analyse environmental risks and mitigate them through action plans. Checklists compiled by Colas define a practical reference framework for assessing the environmental performance of most of the group’s fixed installations (more than 1,700 sites worldwide) and help to fine-tune priorities in the ensuing improvement plans. These checklists are also incorporated into Colas’ internal control procedures.
TF1 has made undertakings both in the management of internal processes and through its Ecoprod policy, which aims to instil eco-design throughout the entire audiovisual production chain. The General Affairs department manages the consumption of water, raw materials and energy from all angles, as well as overseeing waste management in the head offices of the TF1 group.
The management system in place includes a list of environmental issues upstream and downstream from sites, a list of ICPE environment-protection listed buildings and an environmental road map. In 2012, the first HQE®Operation certification was granted to TF1 with regard to one of the buildings hosting the headquarters. This endorsement was sought for other buildings in 2013.
In-house productions by TF1, such as television show R.I.S, apply Ecoprod directives. Producer Lagardère Active, in partnership with TF1 and Ecoprod, achieved the first shooting of a carbon-neutral TV series, Jo, which was broadcast in eight episodes during April and May 2013.
(Updated: January 2016)